Try this simple exercise to help you to start thinking critically. There are a different models of reflection. Links between social isolation and incontinence. As Doris Day sang, the futures not ours to see. Want to learn more? Reflection is something that should be engaged with on an everyday basis and from very early on in your health care career. Self reflection helps nurses to learn about the actual practice of nursing and helps them to evaluate their own practice and performance. This now gave me an interest into this topic as to acquit myself before escalating the matter.
Communication is an essential interpersonal skill, which people need as it is an integral to everyday life. In addition, unless it's essential to winning over a client, controversial opinions like this one should be left out of the workplace. Privacy is closely related to respect (scie, 2006). Becoming a reflective practitioner will help me to focus upon knowledge, skill and behaviours that I will need to develop for effective clinical practice. I would read the patientâs purple âThis is meâ folder to try and engage them on a more personal level. (ed) Fundamental aspects of mental health nursing. In this essay, I intend to reflect on a situation I encountered during my first community placement I had the opportunity to develop my communication skills not just theoretically but also practically, facing a real life environment. According to the University of Wisconsin Business Alumni Update and the National Commission on Writing, individuals who cannot write and communicate effectively in other ways are not likely to be hired, and, if they are, will not last for promotion. Whether the communication is through a working or a personal one, getting the points interpersonal skills reflective essay across effectively is the main goal. One of them is Johns (1994) model of reflection, this model is based on five cue questions: description, reflection, influencing factors, alternative strategies and learning.
You or your other friends have probably gone to this person for advice. To build a good nurse-patient relationship, I would have to show qualities of empathy, caring, sincerity and trustworthiness. How relevant theories of communication can be applied to different health and social care settings. In Mental health nursing, empowerment usually means the intent to ensure that conditions are such that the individual can act as a self advocate (Webb, 2008). Seminars in psychiatry of learning disabilities.
It is about being an active learner rather than a passive recipient of information. Social Needs: Helping to define who we are. NS401 Matiti M et al (2007). Critical thinking is the ability to think clearly and rationally, understanding the logical connection between ideas. To prepare for this I started to read the assessment note of other patient and doing research on the best method to get information from the patient. For whatever reason there is, we can be always be sure there will be a reason to commute a message to another party. As a qualified nurse my role would be to ensure decisions are made on behalf of the service user after much consultation with the service user as communication advocacy is universally considered a moral obligation in nursing practice. For example, one analysis stresses that communication is the understanding not of the visible but of the invisible and hidden. The World Health Organizations classification of impairment, disability and handicap relating to communication disorders are impairment which disruption the normal language-processing or speech production system.g. In this reflective account essay, I will be describing nursing skills that I undertook during my practice placement, using Driscolls (2000) reflective cycle, a recognised framework for reflection to demonstrate my ability to reflect on different nursing skill. .
Dignity is defy when there is a negative interaction between staff and Mr Moses when freedom to make decision is taken from him (BMJ, 2001). (Wilkinson et al, 2003). In more everyday language, it is a way of thinking about whatever is presently occupying your mind so that you come to the best possible conclusion. Caring for Dignity: A national report on dignity in care for older people while in hospital. In essence, critical thinking requires you to use your ability to reason. The therapeutic relationship is solely to meet the needs of the patient. The elements needing consideration are generally numerous and varied. Critical thinkers rigorously question ideas and assumptions rather than accepting them at face value. Effective communication in the healthcare setting improves recovery rates and reduces pain and complication rates. The reflective process can be used to reflect in two ways; reflection-on-action and reflection-in-action. One of the ways in which people with dementia are disempowered in communication is that of being continually outpaced, having others speak, move and act more quickly that they are able to understand or match (Killick and Allan, 2001,. When dignity is not present during his care, Mr Moses will feel devalued, lacking control, comfort and feel embarrass and ashamed (RCN, 2008).
Journal of Advanced interpersonal skills reflective essay Nursing 57(2 119-126 Nursing and Midwifery Council (2004) Code of professional conduct: standard for conduct, performance and ethics. Communication is a process of relating ideas or facts with other people. Critical Thinking is: A way of thinking about particular things at a particular time; it is not the accumulation of facts and knowledge or something that you can learn once and then use in that form forever. Working with THE mental capacity ACT 2005. One of the most important aspects of critical thinking is to decide what you are aiming to achieve and then make a decision based on a range of possibilities. Reflective essay on communication.my strong accent I would come across as harsh.
I will explain demonstrative communication by providing examples of how it can be effective or ineffective, positive or negative, and how it is used to replace or in the place of ones verbal communication skills for the receiver and the sender. M (accessed March 30,2012 continue Reading, please join StudyMode to read the full document. Chris brooker, Anne Waugh (2007). Encoding: Next, a message is sent to a receiver in words or other symbols. Communication provides a vital link with others (Alder, Towne.4). Interactions are very important to this type of learner and might be a good fit acting as interpersonal skills reflective essay a supporter and mentor to new students. The concept of dignity has to do with privacy, respect, autonomy, identity and self worth thereby making life worth living for them (scie, 2006). My 1st skill will explores how communication can be enhanced for clients with communication impairments which I raised in one of the multidisciplinary team meeting (MDT). Communication is a process that involves a meaningful exchange between at least two people to convey facts, needs, opinions, thoughts, feelings and other information through both verbal and non-verbal means, including face to face exchanges and the written word. Mr Moses will be approached in a dignified manner, he should be given choice to decide whether or where he want his care to be carried out, demonstrating appropriate communication, sensitivity and interpersonal skill during interaction.
(2006) Improving communication for people with learning disabilities. I will focus on describing nonverbal and demonstrative communications, furthermore, I will also explain how demonstrative communication involves listening and responding. In my practice, it is important that develop a therapeutic relationship with the patients so that they can be interpersonal skills reflective essay able to put their trust. London: The Royal College of Psychiatrists. Actions and support according to the Code of Professional Conduct (Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC, 2008) as suggested to be used in rendering care to Mr Moses. These hidden and symbolic elements embedded in the culture give meaning to the visible communication process.5 Of equal, if not more, importance, however, is the fact that communication is a personal process that involves the exchange of behaviors and information.
For example we should create conducive environment, listen carefully to what he is trying to say, observing his body language, using positive body language to convey warmth and reassurance, speaking slowly, using short and simple words, give Mr Kee. In accordance with the NMC (2008) code of professional conduct, confidentiality should be maintain and all names will be anonymous. These students may do well as support mentors for other students. Which of these is the more important consideration? Communications can be expressed in three different ways, and they are verbal, nonverbal, and visual. We cannot survive unless there is some type of interpersonal communications.
A major contribution to ensuring we think critically is to be aware of these personal characteristics, preferences and biases and make allowance for them when considering possible next steps, whether they are at the pre-action consideration stage. Reflection is an everyday process and is very personal matter. To unlock this lesson you must be a m Member. (Norman and Ryrie, 2007). . Communication can be described as the exchange of thoughts, messages, or information, as by speech, signals, writing, or behavior (medical dictionary, 2013). Try out new ideas for making the most of these strong communicators. Fraser, W Kerr,. . Good Practice IN Continence Services.
NMC, London Royal College of Nursing (2008). Universal Declaration of Human Rights. For example, any activity that involves discussion will hold some appeal to each of these learning styles. You must then discipline yourself interpersonal skills reflective essay to keep on track until changing circumstances mean you have to revisit the start of the decision making process. Mr Moses may have be a victim of any of the above.
You may think of communication as only verbal, but the fact is there are several ways to relate messages, and I will discuss a few of those choices. It might be thought that we are overextending our demands on critical thinking in expecting that it can help to construct focused meaning rather than examining the information given and the knowledge we have acquired to see. Professional development should include opportunities to improve knowledge and practice of communication. They have a great sense for the mood of a group and are often interested in making sure conversations go well. Once you understand the theory of critical thinking, improving your critical thinking skills takes persistence and practice. I was involved in the care for Mr Moses who has diagnosed with dementia. Often natural tutors and teachers, they are peer-oriented and can be helpful in the classroom, particularly when new students join the classroom mid-school-year. Those with a social/interpersonal learning interpersonal skills reflective essay style can often be found among other people, since they learn best when interacting with others and can relate that learning to the people around them. Reflection may also be prompted by more positive states, for example, by an experience of successfully completing a task which previously was thought to being impossible. The purpose of assessment include judging and understanding levels of need, planning programmes of care and observing progress over time, planning service provision and conducting research (Gamble and Brennan, 2006). In: Gamble, C and Brennan, G (Eds) Working with Serious Mental illness: A manual for clinical practice.
(1983) Reflecting learning: key to earning from experience, Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 23(2 99-117. According to Siviter, 2004, p165) explains that reflection is about gaining self-confidence, identifying when to improve, learning from own mistakes and behaviours, looking at other peoples perspective, being self aware and improving the future by from the past. Ii this essay, i will use Gibbs (1988) model as a guide for my reflection. (2004) Assessment in Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing: In search of the whole person. Maintaining the dignity and autonomy of older people in the healthcare setting. Healthcare Commission. Barker (2004) defines mental health nursing assessment as the decision making process, based upon the collection of relevant information, using a formal set of ethical criteria that contributes to an overall evaluation of a person and his circumstances. There are various types of incontinent such as: stress incontinent (this can occur when coughing, or during physical activities urge incontinent (overactive bladder reflex incontinent (incontinent without warning) and mixed incontinent (both urge and stress incontinent) (Chris, 2007). Do your best to strike a balance between types of activities that offer social interaction and those that do not require. Communication can be split in two, verbal and non verbal communication. (2004) Student Nurse Handbook: A survival Guide. Assessment of persons strengths and needs in social functioning is a fundamental stage in developing planned care that is familiar to practitioners.
The more clearly we are aware of ourselves, our strengths and weaknesses, the more likely our critical thinking will be productive. Critical thinking requires the development and use of foresight as far as this is possible. Interpersonal Strategies in the Classroom, social/interpersonal learners usually learn well through discussion. That enable practitioner to break down his/her experience. Reflective Essay.A, reflective, essay, this is a reflective essay based on a event which took place in a hospital setting.
See Also: Transferable Skills, what is Critical Thinking? Identity Needs: Our sense of identity comes from the way we interact with other people (Alder, Towne.4). This might help these learners deal with your request. The structure allows the reflection to be written in a clear way. Gamble C and Brennan,. They are full of easy-to-follow practical information that will help you to learn more effectively and get better grades. Most definitions of communication used in organizational behavior literature stress the use of symbols to transfer the meaning of information. This experience has highlighted the difficulties that may be encountered in communicating and gaining valid consent which I will be aware of in future practice. Recognise, build and appraise arguments. Names have been changed to maintain confidentiality (NMC, 2007) 1st skill: I discover the level at which nurses and support worker communicate with service user are not up to standard simply because they have an impairment see Appendix. The Benefit of Foresight, perhaps the most important element of thinking critically is foresight. This means their best learning environment is one with opportunities to engage with others.
Communication requires a sender, a message, a medium and a recipient, although the receiver does not have to be present or aware of the sender's intent to communicate at the time interpersonal skills reflective essay of communication ; thus communication can occur across vast distances in time and space. The application of Driscolls reflective cycle will enable me link theory to practice. According to Driscolls (2000 there are three processes when reflecting on ones practice. References: Boyd,.M and Fales,.W. (ed.) (1989) Key Issues for Counselling in Action, sage, Bristol. Further Education Unit, Oxford Polytechnic, Oxford. These theories can be applied to different health care settings.
Nursing and Midwifery Council (2008) Code of professional conduct: standards for conduct, performance and ethics. In order to achieve this it must involve gathering and evaluating information from as many different sources possible. He should not be discriminated. For example, if you've had a bad day but are trying to hide it from others, a social/interpersonal learner might be the first to notice your changed demeanor. Realising how much previous experience can affect us and how certain triggers can produce a response that surprises us, is a process that can take a long time. Nursing Standard 20(30) 12 April : 58-65 Help The Aged.(2006). Health Programme Education: Guiding Principles. Age and Ageing, 33, 165-169. For example, you wouldn't say, "Our economic climate has gone right down the drain in the past three years without backing up the statement with facts, figures and sources. Practical Goals: Getting others to behave in ways we want (Alder, Towne.4). (Ed) Learning Disabilities: Toward Inclusion. Non-verbal communication is without the use of verbal language and is as important, if not more so, than the verbal part. They will always seek to determine whether the ideas, arguments and findings represent the entire picture and are open to finding that they do not.
The following are ideas for accommodating the specific needs of the interpersonal/social learner: When speaking to a student, realize that they are attuned to your nonverbal cues. The use of touch as a way of non-verbal communication is very important in caring. Despite this widespread usage, very few members of the general publicand not a great many more management peoplecan precisely define the term. Mr Moses care should be deliver in a private area, ensuring Mr Moses receive care in a dignified way that does not humiliate him: Discussion about Mr Moses condition should be discussed with him where others are unable. Many complaints to the NHS are attributed to poor communication. The message can also act as a trigger creating a positive or negative response which in turn can affect the responding message and behaviour of the individual and/or group. (2008) The application of ethical reasoning in mental health nursing.
I chose to use this cycle because it will improve my nursing practice continuously, and learning from the experience for better and improved practice. NMC has made dignity clearer to understand by including dignity among its codes. Critical thinkers will identify, analyse and solve problems systematically rather than by intuition or instinct. Jasper (2003) suggests that reflection is interpersonal skills reflective essay one of the key ways in which we can learn from our experiences. It is very important to have good communication with the staff, residents and their families and there are many different approaches that we could take to make a good communication relationship with them.
Or maybe the person being described is you, and you're the one who's the communicator and connector. Studies have showed that by using verbal and non verbal communication techniques appropriately can help us nurses/carers and families to communicate and enhance the communication experience for interpersonal skills reflective essay Mr Kee. . Hampshire: Matrix Training Associates Ltd. Verbal Communication Businessmen interact verbally with a variety of people every day-equals, subordinates, supervisors, men and women alike. Critical thinking might be described as the ability to engage in reflective and independent thinking. Verbal communication in business often involves expressing opinions, emotions, giving orders and winning over clients. Respect is a summary of courtesy, good communication and taking time (scie. Get access risk-free for 30 days, just create an account. Specifically we need to be able to: Think about a topic or issue in an objective and critical way. Neat step-by-step instructions may provide some sort of trellis on which our basic understanding of critical thinking can blossom but it doesnt and cannot provide any assurance of certainty, utility or longevity. Provide structured reasoning and support for an argument that we wish to make. Sometimes we think in almost any way but critically, for example when our self-control is affected by anger, grief or joy or when we are feeling just plain bloody minded.
Reflection-on-action is often referred to as retrospective as it occurs after the experience has taken place, where as, reflection-in-action, involves exploring and reflecting upon an experience while in practice. Someone with critical thinking skills can: Understand the links between ideas. Incontinent is defined to be an involuntary or inappropriate passing of urine or faeces thereby having impact on social functions or hygiene of client (DOH, 2000). I will be drawing from knowledge and experience gained from that meeting which involve social workers, speech language therapist, adult nurse, mental health nurse and a carer experience. Social Care Institute for Excellence (2006). These are the sort of problems that may arise from incomplete critical thinking, a demonstration perhaps of the critical importance of good critical thinking. It is the objective, unbiased consideration and regard for the right, values, beliefs and property of all people (Wikipedia, 2006).Mr Moses being particularly vulnerable because he solely dependent on staff to provide his personal care because of his age. It enables you to carry on caring about the patients you treat and how to improve yourself personally and. Emphasised should be on Procedures during care should be explained to Mr Moses and his care should be person centre rather than task-oriented (Calnan et al, 2005). Communication Techniques Used In the Business World Communication is one of the most important tools in business, necessary to success and advancement. The NMC (2004 also instruct nurse to promote and protect the interest and dignity of service users irrespective of gender, age, race, ability sexuality, economic status, lifestyle, culture and religion or political beliefs. Can intensive three-day programmes improve nurses communication skills in cancer care.
It is the right model of reflection for me to look back and learn from my experiences. However, each patient needs is unique, the level of these concept will varies on individual service user, such as the privacy that other service user need will be different from what Mr Moses require at the time of His care. Critical thinking involves reviewing the results of the application of decisions made and implementing change where possible. Also, the Nursing actions that will promote and maintain Mr Moses dignity during his care will be described. Whether they play team sports, talk on the phone more frequently than most, or enjoy social gatherings, they will find a way to connect with other people on a regular basis. This type of learner will be more motivated than most to express their own thoughts and feelings while respecting the thoughts and feelings of others. As outlined, in the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC, 2004 the practice of reflection will allow me to explore, through experience, area for development in providing the necessary quality of care (Taylor, 2006). Verbal communication is when we use our voices to deliver our thoughts, opinions, or information.