There is a special type of questions known as rhetorical questions; they can be good hooks for essays on any topic. Return to my homepage. Industry is one of those areas that has been most influenced by the technology. Separate machines Now that computers are relatively inexpensive (e.g., less than US 1000 crime reasons essay I believe that it also makes sense to have totally separate and isolated machines for external access. You might also enable a password setting in Windows98 or other operating system, to give an additional layer of protection against unauthorized use of your computer. The traditional laws were no longer adequate to punish criminals who used computer modems. Conclusion The fundamental issue in most computer crime is the criminals' lack of respect for the property or privacy of other people. Riggs was first convicted in 1986 for his unauthorized use of a computer and was sentenced to a mere 15 days of community service and placed on probation for 18 months.
However, unlike changing online account passwords, there is no easy way to destroy the value of confidential data in files on a stolen computer. The victim computer responds to each ping, but because the zombie computers gave false source addresses for their pings, the victim computer is unable to establish a connection with the zombie computers. David Dittrich, a senior security engineer at the University of Washington and expert on Unix system administration, has posted a large collection of links to resources on distributed DoS attacks. People first encounter phishing when they receive a fraudulent e-mail that typically purports to be from a bank, credit card company, or other financial institution. For these reasons, firewall software is more essential if one uses either cable television or DSL for an Internet connection. Altering files on that computer could have killed patients, which reminded everyone that hacking was a serious problem. Conventional local area networks in the 1980s required coaxial cable to be strung between computers and printers on the network. GET expert academic help, how to Write a Hook sentence? It allows writers to see how the work is structured better and which points to highlight. Nothing is more hooking that a question that interests lots of people. The cable or DSL service is always connected to the Internet, unlike the modem on an ordinary voice-grade telephone line. The detonated program might stop working (e.g., go into an infinite loop crash the computer, release a virus, delete data files, or any of many other harmful possibilities. The following is one case involving a famous series of DoS attacks: The Yahoo website was attacked at 10:30 PST on Monday, The attack lasted three hours.
Simply reply to the e-mail and request that the sender send the attachment as plain ascii text in the body of the e-mail. A monoculture exacerbates security vulnerabilities in software, as well as stifles competition (i.e., the usual economic arguments against monopolies). Below, we offer your three persuasive essay examples college students will definitely appreciate, along with the writing tips and explanations. Such bugs often prevent a malicious program from causing more damage; sometimes bugs make a program worse than its author probably intended. Demonstrate that you did extensive research and created a good basis for your discussion.
Adhering to this simple rule will not only make honesty and openness possible, it will as well establish a strong bond between a doctor and a patient, which in its turn, will lead to greater patient satisfaction (Dacre. Because Mafiaboy was a child at the time of his crime, the maximum sentence that he could have received would be incarceration for two years. If your computer runs an Apple operating system or Linux, then I suggest that you update your virus definition files at least once every month. Theodore Eisenberg, David Gries, Juris Hartmanis,., The Computer Worm, A Report to the Provost of Cornell University.,. . It doesn't take a great deal of sophistication." His remark was prophetic, because, on, a 15-year-old pupil in Montréal Canada was arrested and charged with two counts of "mischief to data" arising from his DoS attack on CNN.
However, changing your password every few weeks also makes it easier for you to forget your password. Scientists, engineers, professors, businesses, governments, etc. Other techniques Because Microsoft bundles an e-mail program, Microsoft Outlook Express, with their operating system, this e-mail program is commonly used. So that no one shares passwords.) This rule can create a problem if you die or are incapacitated, so perhaps you should write it down once: on a sheet of paper that you keep in a bank's safe. Disabling Features in Microsoft Windows Some optional parts of the Microsoft Windows 95, and later, operating systems make a computer vulnerable to harm by malicious programs. In response, Citibank posted a webpage on some specific phishing e-mails. There are several basic ways to get these data: Call up a legitimate user, pretend to be a system administrator, and ask for the user name and password. My essay, Tips for Avoiding Computer Crime, has specific suggestions for how you can use firewall software on your computer to prevent your computer from being used by criminals in DoS attacks on victims. This storage of user name and password is convenient, as it automates the logon process. If the user does not send/receive some data over the Internet during some period of time (e.g., ten minutes the ISP will automatically disconnect from the telephone line and sever the user's connection to the Internet. The above" is on page 258 of Denning's book. On, Mafiaboy pleaded guilty to 5 counts of mischief to data and 51 counts of illegal access to computers. Denning and Peter.
It is important to distinguish criminal law from torts, which are part of civil law. Links to other sites, recommended books, conclusion. Such words are much easier to remember than unpronounceable clusters of characters,.g., c5U3rN. Backups If a computer virus or an invading hacker deletes your files, or either one corrupts your files, the easiest way to restore your computer may be to reformat the hard drive(s) and then copy files from a recent backup. If you want to use a wireless network, at least: enable encryption on all transmissions and locate the transmitters as far as possible from exterior walls, and especially far from windows.
Txt file that your webbrowser accesses identifies you to each online store, and could make it possible for a thief to impersonate you and to charge items to your credit card. I wrote this file, and the current archive version resides, on a computer in my office, which is 750 km from Pittsburgh. Delete all application programs (to avoid software piracy). In issuing the sentence, Judge Gilles Ouellet commented: This is a grave matter. 1990 aff'd, 967.2d 561 (11thCir. . Check out this article: don't you want to learn more about where tattoos have come from and what they mean? Hence, users in the 1980s did not need anti-virus software if they both (1) only purchased software from reputable sources and (2) never copied programs from floppy disks provided by their friends and colleagues. My suggestion is to choose a unusual foreign word that does not appear in the dictionary of your local language. Install the patches that are released between versions, to avoid security holes and other problems. This is called a denial of service ( DoS ) attack. Although not a common excuse offered by defenders of an author of a malicious computer program, the author himself often seems to believe that his virus/worm is proof of his programming ability. Hackers write malicious programs (e.g., the Melissa virus that struck on ) to use the victim's e-mail address book in Microsoft Outlook, knowing that such a malicious program will cause havoc on most personal computers, because of the popularity of Outlook. To successfully use a remote computer, any user (including criminals) must have both a valid user name and valid password.
It is an interesting way to start a paper on hate crime, life, existence, the universe, sense of life, moral or ethical values, etc. There is one exception, when children engage in an adult activity (e.g., fly an airplane the law imposes an adult's duty of care on the child. The goal of the writer is to describe a certain scene taken from the fiction story or real life. While it is possible to write malicious programs to attack users of the Apple Macintosh operating system, only about 5 of desktop computers run the Apple Macintosh operating system, which small market share discourages hackers. Changing your password every few weeks is standard advice from computer security experts. A hook sentence is the most recommended way to start an academic paper of any type as it gives a hint of what the topic is and what kind of questions will be observed. Still, it is possible to state that introduction of strict gun control policies will definitely reduce murder rates in the long run, provided these laws are promulgated all around the country and are properly enforced by executive bodies. Not only should you refuse to provide such information, but please report such requests to the management of the online service or the local police, so they can be alert to an active criminal. Persuasive essay example #1: Why Lie. However, a white lie approach can never be regarded as a constructive solution, as in most cases it has but a temporary effect.
If someone harasses or stalks you, then you simply close that account and chose another alias. Malicious computer programs The following are general terms for crime reasons essay any computer program that is designed to harm its victim(s malicious code malicious program malware (by analogy with "software rogue program Malicious computer programs are divided into the. After you install a firewall, you will probably be curious about who is probing the ports on your computer. For a given number of characters, the strongest password is a random sequence of lower- and upper-case letters and digits. An "experimenter" must not create a big mess that requires computer system administrators worldwide to devote much time to remove. These suggestions are like installing high-security deadbolt locks on doors of an office or home. Experts in computer security, who are not attorneys, speak of "information warfare". Two comments on word usage in this essay: I normally write in a gender neutral way, but here I use the masculine pronoun for computer criminals, because (1) female computer criminals are rare and (2) I can't imagine. Each cohort, each generation has its own language, and your primary task is to choose a particular way in which your work will develop. This justification is ludicrous in the context of automobile tires and it is no better in the context of computer security.
Understand who you are writing for. You can also add a hook at the beginning crime reasons essay of conclusion ( learn how to write conclusion ). However, wireless networks have an obvious security problem. ISPs typically select a user name that is the same as the last name of the subscriber. It is certainly a good idea to install patches or updates for the software that one uses. Plenty of technological advances take a toll on a distribution of labor, personal identity, human relations, medical care services and especially on personal privacy. Of course, there is always the possibility that a computer voyeur will "accidentally" bumble around an unfamiliar system and cause appreciable damage to someone else's files or programs. On, Moran (alias "Coolio a high school dropout, was sentenced in New Hampshire state court to nine months incarceration and ordered to pay a total of US 15000 restitution to his victims for defacing two websites: In November 1999, he defaced the website. Strike with numbers AND statistics Example: "According to 2008 figures from the Pew Research Center, 97 of today's K-12 students spend many hours each week playing video games.
There is another remedy in civil law, besides damages awarded in tort litigation: a victim can get a temporary restraining order (TRO then an injunction, that enjoins continuance of wrongs (e.g., disclosure of proprietary or private data) that will. Instead, I now use an Apple computer for my websurfing and e-mail. If a potential victim possesses a gun, defense attempt might lead to highly crime reasons essay unpredictable results both for the criminal and his victim. It's important to define the target audience, thesis, and supporting arguments not to fall off the point. The wisdom of this man has no doubts. In comparison, there are only about.15106 entries in an English dictionary for college students' desks.
If the only threat was a computer virus or attack by a hacker, it would be adequate to store all of the backup media in the same room as the computer. Government, financial institution insured by the.S. . An incremental backup of only those files that were changed since the previous incremental backup. However the criminals who trash other people's websites are acting as self-appointed censors who deny freedom of speech to those with whom they disagree. The first computer virus found "in the wild" was written in 1986 in a computer store in Lahore, Pakistan. Denning, Internet Besieged, Addison-Wesley Publishing., 1997. Lynch's freaky dress made me feel excited and disgusted at the same time; it was not the best choice." Good hooks may include contradictions. (Pursuing a German hacker, who conducted espionage for the KGB.) Tsutomu Shimomura, Takedown, 1996. Such mistakes in English text in an e-mail apparently from a native speaker of English should alert the reader to the possibility of e-mail from a forged address, which may contain a malicious program. Since 2000, authors of malicious programs use resources readily available on the Internet to create a "new" computer virus or worm, or launch a denial of service attack. "So do I said Gandalf, "and so do all who live to see such times. Essay strong points, factual evidence: this essay uses both crime reasons essay paraphrases and direct"tions to prove the authors position.
It would be a good hook in an essay of several types: a writer can choose to focus on the value of time, review "The Fellowship of the Ring" storyline, or describe the character of Gandalf. That computer stored records of cancer patients' radiation treatment. In addition, such trials might express the outrage of society at the behavior of hackers. Beginning with the Melissa virus in 1999, viruses could automatically send e-mail with the victim's name as the alleged source. Activate the write-protect feature on this disk or tape cartridge and never write to it again. While severe punishment may not deter criminal conduct, punishment does express the outrage of decent society at criminal conduct. That having been said, it is worthwhile to alert people to the existence of phishing. The.S. How often you should update your virus definition file is a complicated question: the answer depends upon your tolerance for risk, how you use your computer (i.e., receiving e-mail or downloading software from bulletin boards is risky and which operating system you use. However, in case of this essay, the writer draws way too much attention to the opponents opinions, which creates an impression that the student tries to justify oneself rather than prove ones point of view. So, it is possible to conclude that despite its usability, technology also has a negative influence on societys life and personal freedom, influencing a wide range of social and psychological aspects. While such "information warfare" is just another name for computer crime, the word "warfare" crime reasons essay does fairly denote the amount of damage inflicted on society.
Corcoran, 522.W.2d 226 (Wisc. The interval between backups should be determined by the amount of data files that you can afford to lose. Second, if one writes such a destructive program, then one must use extraordinary care (i.e., the same care that one takes with toxic chemicals, explosives, highly radioactive materials, etc.) to make certain that the program is never released. Nonetheless, the perpetrator has committed a computer crime by making an un authorized use of someone else's computer or computer account. The Windows98 operating system, and subsequent Microsoft operating systems, have no support for such floppy disks. However, if a victim were to sue the author of malicious code in tort, then the victim's alleged negligence would be a proper legal issue. Ultimately, the taxonomy matters only to computer scientists who are doing research with these malicious programs. 967.2d at 562. Unauthorized Use Unauthorized use of computers tends generally takes the following forms: Computer voyeur. Use a packet "sniffer" program to find user names and passwords as they travel through networks. The basics of effective communication strategy presuppose facing any problem in a problem-oriented manner instead of a person-oriented one. F-Secure, an anti-virus software company in Finland, has instructions for how to uninstall Windows Scripting Host in Windows 95, 98, 2000 and. Such malicious programs, as well as tool kits for generating new malicious programs, are easily available from many hacker websites.