The use of the horse in combat by the Spanish gave them a weapon that provided not only tactical and strategic advantages, but also a psychological advantage against the natives. During this migration they held an image of Huitzilopochtli, which is their patron ey arrived in the Valley of Mexico towards the end of the twelfth ey believed that their homeland would be marked by an eagle. Later on, the junior priest would be promoted to a sacrificing priest who would sacrifice human beings. Cortes had left his mark on Mesoamerica, and the Aztecs in Tenochtitlan was next on his list. The Aztec considered these omens as portents of bad events or even impending doom. Of course, Cortes had no intention in actually giving them these rights, but the Tlaxcala people did not know this at the time. According to the Aztec community, a junior priest was expected to consume limited food and should not cut or clean his hair and nails. Cortés parade made a strong impression on Moctezumas men, and they reported what they had seen back to the Aztec ruler.27 The villages the Spanish visited as they moved inland also believed that they were gods. The archaeology finds it challenging to collect the items that belonged to the.
A few days later at Otumba the Aztecs faced a Spanish force that was wounded, short on supplies, and vastly outnumbered. The Spanish were aztec history essay retreating towards Tlaxcala and were constantly hounded by the Aztec. Commonly, the task of priesthood belonged to the male gender. Bernal Diaz del Castillo, The Discovery And Conquest of Mexico:, 179. Robbed of her birthright, Malintzin was sold to Maya merchants, who in turn sold her to Tabascans. The Spanish cavalry slammed into the native lines and wreaked havoc. The men were combat seasoned and were ready for new adventures after successfully driving the Moors out of Spain.3 Explorations in the New World offered a perfect opportunity for those veterans.
Bernal Diaz del Castillo, The Discovery And Conquest of Mexico:,. Prices start from.99/page, fULL access to essays database, this option gives you the immediate access to all 184 988 essays. The Aztecs had commercially blocked of Tlaxcala, and so the Tlaxcala and Cortes exchanged gifts and reinforced their alliance. The Spanish and Tlaxcalans fought for several days. It caught the scent of the mare and began to neigh and paw the ground. These deer, our lord, are as tall as the roof of a house.24 Moctezuma took the information provided by his messengers along with the earlier omens as signs that the Spanish were perhaps gods.25 Cortés shrewdly manipulated the natives to make the impact even greater.
With all this power that Moctezuma gave, Cortes made his move and imprisoned Moctezuma in his own palace. While standing on a parapet, invisible to the aztec history essay crowd below, Moctezuma was struck by arrows. The Cholulans were caught off guard and decimated.13 Though the Spanish were again victorious, the preparations made by the Cholulans showed that the natives were beginning to adapt their tactics against the Spanish. The Aztec had a series of omens prior to the arrival of the Spanish. After the fall of the Aztec Empire, the colonization that took place shaped the world we live in now. Teule was the Nahua name for gods or demons.28 The Spanish were keenly aware of the psychological impact their arms had on the natives of Mexico. Cortéss tactic had two main effects. He greeted Cortes saying Oh lord of ours, be welcome, you have arrived in your land, among your people, and in your house Mexico â you would return to rule these lands (Moctezuma II). Secondly, the sight of the cavalry breaking through enemy lines boosted the morale of the Spanish infantry.
Initially, the, aztec tribe was a small group but was later joined by other group. When he arrived, he bowed to Moctezuma in order to have his brother Cuitlahauc released; he soon aztec history essay after became the new chosen leader of Tenochtitlan (Armitage). It grew larger and became capable of fighting other tribes in the area. On the plant of cactus, they would locate a god that was in the form of a golden eagle gripping a serpent amid his talons. They would place a human heart in a bowl, and the mob would scream in praise of their gods. The new formed alliance of the three groups was still known as Aztecs. His responsibility was interpreting magical symbols. The Tlaxcalans fielded massive armies, and as usual, the Spanish were greatly outnumbered. Aztec tribe collected in the temple of the sun and watched the priests performing the sacrifice. Cortés learned of the plot through various informants.
Cortes decided to take immediate action and killed many noble men from Cholula to show them a lesson (Lyons). Subject: Miscellaneous, author: Date: July aztec history essay 2, 2000, level: Grade: Length: 5 / 1255, no of views:. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a student. The Spanish detachment soon ran into a large force of natives. They would sacrifice a number of captives during the ceremonies than other times. Montezuma did not oppose Cortes because he thought that he was the God Quetzalcoatl. Cortes arrives to Tenochtitlan a second time in June of 1520 and things had changed a bit (Armitage). Thirteen horsemen were selected to take part in the impending battle. The Spanish were decimated following the escape from Tenochtitlan. Captives, or select locals, not excluding women and children were led voluntarily to the top, their hearts extracted, their limbs eaten with chocolate or chili by priests and court officials, their entails tossed to the beasts in the imperial zoo while the public gawked (Lyons).
The Aztecs migrated from their original home land sometime during the early twelfth century settling in the Valley of aztec history essay Mexico later in the twelfth century. They expanded their marketing network and developed a tribute system. Cortes became determined to attain the hidden gold, and clean the blood stained walls of not only the pyramid, but of the community as well. They religiously worshipped their gods especially for the provision and thanksgiving (Schwartz, 9). In it, Moctezuma saw beings in the street with two heads but one body.23 The omens were precisely how the Aztec interpreted the horse upon their early encounters with the Spanish. Bernal Diaz del Castillo, The Discovery And Conquest of Mexico:, 318-21. After securing victory in the battle at Tabasco, Cortés noted that he felt the natives were very frightened of the horse and cannon. His orders to the cavalry according to Bernal Diaz were not to stop and spear those who were down, but to aim their lances at the faces of the enemy.7 The tactics set forth by Cort?s in the initial armed. They highly maintained their land through effective cultivation methods. The, aztec tribe had many achievements after their final settlement. They embraced the significance of art and architecture. The Aztec civilization was destroyed (Perez). He believed Cortes was the second coming of the god, Quetzalcoatl, and so Emperor Moctezuma himself was carried on an elaborate litter through the crowded streets to greet Quetzalcoatl (Lyons).
Hernando Cortés, Five Letters:,. The horse was not native to the New World. Sacrifice was a form of thanksgiving and appeasing to their gods. The great priests in the tribe would perform magic at the end of maize harvesting in order to prevent the future maize plants from natural calamities. Cortés and his men landed near the Rio de Grijalva, in the Tabasco region of Mexico in March of 1519.5 The natives of Tabasco opposed the Spanish attempt to come ashore, and armed conflict broke out between them. They offered human body parts especially from the prisoners to their gods. Cortés accepted and the Tlaxcalans became important allies to the Spanish during the remainder of the campaign.
Showed first 250 characters, custom essays: Order plagiarism free custom written essay, all essays are written from scratch by professional writers according to your instructions and delivered to your email on time. Moctezumas imprisonment was utilized by Cortes to the fullest, insuring the. Open warfare soon erupted between the Spanish and. They were greatly frightened by the actions of the horse. The Bridge collapsed and many soldiers died (Perez leaving aztec history essay Cortes in tears when he arrived to Tlacopan. Hugh Thomas, Conquest: Montezuma, Cortés, and the Fall of Old Mexico, (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1993 424-25. The, aztec people were small scale farmers, who grew produce for domestic consumption.
The eighth omen, again seen in the mirror, was similar. Showed next 250 characters If you cannot find any suitable paper on our site, which happens very rarely, you can always order custom written paper which will be written from scratch by our professional writers and deliver to you on requested time. In the Aztec religious society, the religious women are obligated to creating vestments of weaving and feather work that are presented to the servants of the deities. The Spanish infantry were pushed to the brink of their endurance until the cavalry entered the battle. Aztec woke up and attacked by arrows. The stallion was tied up and restrained where the meeting was to take place. Get help with your essay today from our professional essay writers! Francisco Vasquez de Coronado led a massive expedition bent on finding and conquering "Seven Golden Cities of Cibola while doing so, he embittered many Native Americans toward the Spanish. The battle against the natives of Tabasco started as an infantry engagement. Bayard Morris (London, George Routledge and Sons, 1928. The, aztec aztec history essay group held annual rites and ceremonies in the cities of Tenochtitlan and Tetzcoco. He began to ask for more gifts, and demanded the two idols be removed in the temple pyramid, and be replaced by the Virgin Mary and.
Qualified writers in the subject of history are ready and waiting to aztec history essay help you with your studies. To be fair to the natives of Mexico, it must be noted that no animal such as the horse existed in the Americas prior to the arrival of Europeans. They had created a large arm that fought other tribes and grabbed their lands. The confines of the city and house to house fighting left little room for the Spanish horsemen to be fully effective.22 Even though the horse played only small roles in the final fall of the city, it without a doubt. Evidently, the prophets portrayed a strange mental condition that was perceived as a divine inspiration. Cortes defeated Narvaez very quickly with an overnight surprise attack. Hernan Cortes born in Medellin, Spain in 1484 where he grew up hungry for fame and instead of going to fight for the Borgia in Italy, he landed in Cuba and befriended the governor Diego Velazquez (Lyons). Human sacrifices along with cannibalism and the fatting of people only to dress them and serve them in banquets was nothing new to the people (Lyons). They also reported on the cannon, armor, and weapons of the Spanish. First, the loss of leadership disorganized and demoralized the native warriors.
But why was the horse so effective aztec history essay against the natives? The women are also expected to clean the temples and cleanse people from ailments. The mare was led away in the direction the chieftans were to approach from. As a form of sacrifice, the primary green ears of the maize plant would be picked by a young girl and taken to the temple, and then she would be beheaded. He was given freedom to roam and explore the city as he pleased, and although there were many people who did not believe Cortes was Quetzalcoatl, there was nothing they could do to go against Moctezumas word. Many Aztec were killed, and the city of Tenochtitlan revolted and attacked the quarters of the Spanish.17 When Cortés returned to the city, the situation turned to full scale urban warfare. Moctezuma sent messengers to the coast to gather information about the Spanish. The natives were so intently focused on the Spanish foot soldiers that they were unaware of the approach of the horsemen. Cortes wanted the Tlazcala people to join him, but they were skeptical because they knew he could turn on them. Cholula was the second biggest and most sacred city of Mesoamerica, which explained the very small army, and Cortes dared them to challenge him in battle.
The, aztec group also had a developed religious system. On the march inland, the Spanish encountered the Tlaxcalans. Ships were generally small and packed with goods. The next major military engagement involving the horse came after the Spanish had established a base at Vera Cruz and had began the march inland to Tenochtitlan. While the Spanish were in the village, some of Moctezumas tax collectors arrived. However, by the time Moctezuma took rule, a couple hundred hears were being demanded by the sun of god every single day. At this time, the Aztecs suffered a devastating epidemic of small pox and measles that killed thousands, making it more irresistible for Cortes. The, aztec tribe comprised Native American people, who lived in the northern Mexico during the 16th century. Cuitlahauc declared himself emperor after his death. The defeated soldiers heard about the city of gold that Cortes had left, and with that said they decided to join Cortes on his quest back to Tenochtitlan. The Spaniards traveled on 11 ships with 16 horses, many dogs, cannons, crossbows, glass beads, and mirrors (Lyons). You get access to all the essays and can view as many of them as you like for as little.95/month, an, aztec legend said that Quetzalcoatl was driven away by another rival god and had sailed.
Culturally, the, aztec tribe derived their custom of cremating corpses from their ancestors. These sacrifices were quite common, and widely accepted by the people. Principally, the tribe was polytheistic aztec history essay because they worshipped more than a single god. Cortés selected his most skilled riders and healthiest horses to form the Spanish cavalry. Cortés and his horsemen broke through the lines and killed or wounded many of the native war leaders. Supplies were short for both men and livestock. The period between the battle of Otumba and the final assault on Tenochtitlan saw much skirmishing between the Spanish and the Aztec. The lack of supplies and long transit times meant that many of the horses bound for the New World died and were dumped over the side of the ships in the Atlantic.2 These logistical factors meant that horses in the. The Tlaxcalan assaults were beaten back each time, but the Spanish suffered casualties. The skirmishes resulting from that campaign saw use of Spanish cavalry in the role of infantry support.